Saturday, November 01, 2014


G.W.F. Hegel echoed Mandeville and anticipated Herbert Spencer, the Social Darwinists and modern neo-liberalism in his views on the poor in The Philosophy of Right (p. 189, section 245):
In England, and especially in Scotland, the most direct remedy against poverty and against laziness and extravagance, which are the cause of poverty, has been proved by practical experience to be to leave the poor to their fate, and direct them to public begging. This, too, has been found to be the best means for preserving that sense of shame and honour, which is the subjective basis of society.
UPDATE: Maybe I should have claimed Hegel was part of the Counter-Enlightenment.

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